Select Hendricks Miscellany



Here are some Hendricks stories and accounts over the years:

Hendrick, Hendricks and Hendrix in the 1840 US Census

Numbers
Hendrick
Hendricks
Hendrix
New York
   38
   71
    3
Pennsylvania
   18
   69
   16
Ohio
   18
   48
   10
Indiana
    5
   53
   25
Virginia
   42
   13
    3
Kentucky
   23
   41
   31
Tennessee
    4
   30
   41
Georgia
   24
   19
   26
Elsewhere
  133    
  154
  109   
Total
  305
  498
  264

Hendrick, perhaps reflecting English arrivals, was most numerous in Virginia, Hendricks (as well as Hendrickson) in New York and Pennsylvania, and Hendrix in the South.

The Hendrick spelling is not that common in America today.  Hendricks number some 14,000, Hendrix around 11,000.


Two Mohawk Hendrick Chieftains

In September 1755 the most famous Indian in the world was killed in the Bloody Morning Scout that launched the Battle of Lake George. His name was Henderick Peters Theyanooguin in English, but he was widely known as King Hendrick. In an unfortunate twist of linguistic and historical fate, he shared the same first name as another famous Native American, Hendrick Tejonihokarawa, who although about 30 years his senior, was also famous in his own right. He was one of the “Four Indian Kings” who became a sensation in London in 1710, met Queen Anne, and was wined and dined as an international celebrity.

Both Hendricks were Mohawk warriors who had been baptized into the Christian name in the Dutch Reform Church (hence the name Hendrick).  Both aided Britain against France in their struggles for empire and both helped to negotiate the relationship between their fellow Mohawks and the Europeans who would recognize that the Iroquois Confederacy was critical to the balance of power in early 18th century America. Unfortunately, these Hendricks were later confused by historians into one man. 


The Hendricks Brothers of New York


The Hendricks family, originally Enriques, had come from Spain.  They were Sephardic Jews who had fled the country and settled in Flanders where they prospered as merchants and traders.

Uriah Hendricks of this family was born in Amsterdam and emigrated to New York City in 1755.  There he started a dry goods store and later a metal importing business which was carried on by his son Harmon.  It was he who began copper fabrication at a mill in Belleville, New Jersey.   The Hendricks copper clad the ships that helped the United States fight the British to a standstill in the War of 1812.  The business was carried on by his descendants under the name of Hendricks Brothers.

The last member of the family to operate the business was Harmon Washington Hendricks, who died in 1928.  Hendricks Brothers closed its last copper mill in 1938.



Hendricks of Massachusetts and Pennsylvania

It is estimated that probably three generations separated Daniel Hendrick of Haverhill, Massachusetts (1617-1700), an immigrant from England, with Daniel Hendricks of Westmoreland, Pennsylvania (1726-1796).  The missing generations linking these two Daniels haven't been identified, but a possible connection is the first Daniel’s son Jabez.

Jabez Hendrick married Hannah Moore and they lived in the Elizabethtown and Piscataway area in New Jersey.  It is known that many Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania settlers came from New Jersey.

Four descendants of Danel Hendricks of Westmoreland submitted to 37-marker Y-DNA tests.  The subjects included three descendants of Daniel's son Absalom and one descendent of Daniel's son Abraham.  The descendants of Absalom and Abraham were a match with each other and there is a distance of 2 between them and descendants of Daniel Hendrick of Haverhill, Massachusetts when their 37 markers were compared.


Matthew Hendricks of Pickens County

Matthew Hendricks, affectionately known as Mr. Matt, was the fourth generation of Hendricks in Pickens county, South Carolina.  He was by all accounts a sturdy, handsome, and generous man, who achieved much over his lifespan of 102 years between 1842 and 1944.  His fighting on the Confederate side in the Civil War won him recognition throughout the South.  Later he created and built buildings for the community and also built many of the first roads and covered bridges.

He began the construction of his own home in 1870.  It was named Wisteria after the giant wisteria vine that once grew there.  In its building, the finest of trees - long-leaf yellow pines - were cut and hauled to the mill by oxcart. The lumber then had to be kiln dried and hand planed, a long and tedious job undertaken by Mr. Matt and his young sons.  The wrought-iron crane in the kitchen fireplace was made by Mr. Matt in his shop. He also designed and made the porch posts, mantles, and some doors.

Matthew Hendricks died in 1944, but the house was kept on by his daughter until it was sold in 1970.  Many handmade items crafted by Mr. Matt have remained in family hands, for example a walnut bedframe and dresser which he engraved and an accompanying walnut side table which he made. 



Ross Hendricks and Jimi Hendrix


Fanny Hendricks nee Whitfield was a poor light-skinned black woman in Urbana, Ohio who had recently ended her marriage to Jefferson Hendricks and was a single parent seeking work.   Bertran Philander Ross, white, was a prominent grain dealer in the town and one of its wealthiest landowners. 

Their union, whether it be through seduction or rape, apparently produced a child.  Fanny gave the newborn the first name of his father, possibly to ensure that the community would know its lineage.  Thus in 1866 Bertran Philander Ross Hendricks was born.

We assume that Bertran Philander Ross was the father.  Neither Ross nor Fanny's former husband Jefferson Hendricks were listed in the 1870 Ohio Champaign county census with Fanny and Ross.  But Jefferson did appear with them in the 1880 census.

Those of mixed race or African American heritage faced obstacles in Urbana in the years after the Civil War.  For this reason Ross Hendricks left town and migrated to Chicago in 1896, hoping for new opportunities there.  He worked for a time in the police force and changed his name to Hendrix.  Later he joined a Dixieland vaudeville troupe, travelling all around the country until the troupe broke up in Seattle in 1912.  There he married Nora Moore, another member of the troupe, and the two decided to settle down on the West Coast.  Their son Al was born in 1919.

In 1941 Al met Lucille Jeter at a dance in Seattle and they married a year later.  Drafted by the United States Army, Al went to war three days after their wedding. 

The first of Lucille's five children, James Marshall Hendrix (Jimi), was born later that year in 1942.  Stationed in Alabama at the time of Hendrix's birth, Al was denied the standard military furlough afforded servicemen for childbirth.  His commanding officer placed him in the stockade to prevent his going AWOL to see his infant son in Seattle.  He spent two months locked up without trial and while in the stockade received a telegram announcing his son's birth.

Jimi grew up in Seattle and formed his first band there.




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